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Angioplasty, basically, is a meticulous technique of mechanically broadening the arteries that are blocked or contracted – the former however being an outcome of atherosclerosis. Since the surgical procedure concentrates on vigilantly opening the obstructed arteries in the heart, angioplasty helps enhance oxygen and blood flow to the heart but without any open heart surgical treatment. In fact, the surgical method fundamentally intends to clear out the passage for the blood flow inside the blood vessels. While not many would be cognizant of, but waxy substances made of fibrin, cholesterol and fats tend to accumulate over the walls of veins and arteries over the period of time – which not only make it difficult for the blood to circulate adequately, but also make it unfeasible for the blood to transverse to and from the heart.

Here’s where the angioplasty surgical operation comes for rescue and helps patients breathe easier by opening blocked arteries in the heart. However, the surgery encompasses the inclusion of a balloon and a catheter inside the blood vessel, subsequent to which, the balloon is pumped up and filled with air at an extremely high water pressure once it reaches the affected area or the part that needs to be treated. The process, thus, enables surgeons to target the obstructed arteries and obliterate the plaque formed by fatty deposits to allow the blood to circulate normally.

Once the plaque is taken off, the surgical procedure proceeds with the removal of balloon which gets collapsed after being inflated at a high water pressure. The catheter, on the other hand, stays within the internal body system for a few more hours to smooth the progress of another emergency intervention. However, angioplasty surgeons even recommend a metallic stent inside the blood vessel for patients who feature a genetic predisposition to build up blockages in their blood vessels. Although the procedure consumes an elongated duration, but angioplasty with a metallic stent inside the vessel will enable the thorough prevention of its re-closure.

But, the process of angioplasty surgery has been segregated into three categories – which solely depend on the historical evolution and the condition of a patient’s ailment. The angioplasty classified by ‘staged’ is basically performed when the patient displays absolute no symptoms of improvement after a few days of hospitalization. The primary angioplasty, whereas, is executed instantaneously after the patient has undergone a heart attack. However, surgeons may be put to a challenge when the heart of a patient is too frail to pump blood into the vessels properly. The third type, known as rescue angioplasty, is generally performed when medication does not appear to be effective in improving the patient’s health condition.

Although angioplasty bypass surgery involves several complications as the heart of the patient is actually stopped, but the surgical procedure can indeed emerge as significantly helpful in solving the problem for at least ten to fifteen years. Nonetheless, it’s always better to discuss with the doctor before undergoing any such procedure or surgery.

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